Misunderstandings on identifying poisonous wild mushrooms

Yunnan is a kingdom of wild mushrooms. Starting from June to September, various wild mushrooms are sold on markets. Meanwhile food poisoning caused by having poisonous wild mushrooms also happens frequently in this period. According to experts, some experience of residents are unreliable or even misunderstandings:

Misunderstanding 1: Mushrooms with worms are non-poisonous.

Wrong! Many virulent mushrooms grow worms after maturity.

Misunderstanding 2: Mushrooms which grow at moist place or animal feces are poisonous, while those which grow at clean places, say under pine trees, are non-poisonous.

Wrong! Most mushrooms grow in moist environment, some of which are poisonous and some are edible. Some poisonous mushrooms do often grow on animal feces. But some poisonous mushrooms also grow in pinewood.

Misunderstanding 3: Boil mushrooms together with silverware, ginger, rice and green onion. If the soup turns black, the mushrooms turn out to be poisonous. And it's safe when the soup color doesn't change.

Wrong! Toxin of mushrooms can't react with silverware, therefore the soup color will never change.

Misunderstanding 4: Mushrooms with secretion or those whose colors change when hurt are poisonous.

Wrong! Some poisonous do have secretion or change colors when they get hurt. But some juicy edible mushrooms will also produce secretion and change color when they are hurt. These juicy mushrooms are quite delicious.

Misunderstanding 5: Mushrooms which have bright colors are poisonous, while those whose colors are common are non-poisonous.

Wrong! Colors and shapes are not the standards to distinguish mushrooms. Some delicious edible mushrooms also have bright colors.

Read more related reports:

Be aware of food poisoning caused by wild mushrooms

Don't drink when having wild mushrooms

Here are some photos of poisonous mushrooms. Please pay attention:

Russula emetica

Amanita Verna

Galerina autumnalis Smith et Sing

Amanita phalloides

Lactarius scrobiculatus
Amanita muscaria

(Editors: Annie Kwok, Minnie Mao)

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