A woman of Nu ethnic group weaves in Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County, southwest China’s Yunnan province.
Fairy Festival, also known as Naireng Festival or Flower Festival, is the grandest traditional festival in Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County, held on March 15 of the lunar calendar. Rich culture, folk dances, fairy tales and music of Nu ethnic group have been preserved via the festival. Influenced by Tibetan Buddhism, it is valuable for research of the cultural changes of Nu histories and the group’s spirit.
On the occasion, every village chooses a cave with stalactites as the fairy cave. People worship in the fairy cave with offerings. The festival coincides with the azalea blooming season, so bundles of azalea are offered to the fairy, too. People wear festival costumes and give a banquet after the sacrificing to a stone statue.
The Nu people believe in the fairy who can bring peace and safety. It is said that the fairy was a pretty girl called Ah Rong in Jiemu village. She invented the bamboo tube cable to link both sides of the Nu River and channeled a spring from Gongshan Mountain. To escape from a forced marriage to the village chief, she hid herself in the cave and became a stone statue. It is said that the day she became the stone statue was on March 15 of the lunar calendar.
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